When it comes to carbon storage you can’t beat peatlands. They store tons of carbon and clean the air so efficiently that we ought to protect them way better than we currently do. Indeed, peatlands are on the decline – that’s not good. Fortunately there is research in how best to protect the peatlands from further damage and ways to restore them to their former glory.
Peatlands are the superheroes of ecosystems: purifying water, sometimes mitigating flooding and providing a home for rare species. And they beat nearly every system when it comes to carbon storage. Known peatlands only cover about 3% of the worldâ€™s land surface, but store at least twice as much carbon as all of Earthâ€™s standing forests. In addition, at least one-third of the worldâ€™s organic soil carbon, which plays a vital role in mitigating climate change and stabilizing the carbon cycle, is in peatlands.
â€œFrom a climate perspective, [peatlands] are the most essential terrestrial ecosystem,â€ says Tim Christophersen, a senior program officer with Forests and Climate at the United Nations Environment Programme.
Thanks to Delaney!