Over the course of the last decade interrogation techniques involved violence, yelling, and trying to “outsmart” the person being interviewed. Sadly that’s how interrogations were shown in entertainment and in reality at places like Guantanamo (which is still running).
This bizarre approach to information gathering bothered psychologists Emily and Laurence Alison so they set out to review what interrogation techniques actually work. The answer: don’t assault the person you’re hoping will give you information, instead treat them as a person and they will tell you all they know. This adds to the already established thinking that coercive interrogation techniques don’t work.
The Alisonsâ€™ analysis of the terrorist tapes confirmed this. One of their most striking findings is that suspects are likelier to talk when the interviewer emphasises their right not to. â€œThe more pressure you put on a person, the less likely they are to speak to you. You need to make them feel responsible for their choices,â€ said Laurence. â€œYou canâ€™t bullshit, youâ€™ve got to mean it.â€ He slips into character. â€œIan, you donâ€™t have to speak to me today. Whether you do or not isnâ€™t up to me. It isnâ€™t up to your solicitor. Itâ€™s up to you.
â€œThese are powerful tools to get inside someoneâ€™s head,â€ said Laurence. â€œBut theyâ€™re not tricks. You have to be genuinely curious. Thereâ€™s a reason this person has ended up opposite you, and itâ€™s not just because theyâ€™re evil. If youâ€™re not interested in what that is, youâ€™re not going to be a good interrogator.â€